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Can organized leisure-time activities buffer the negative outcomes of unstructured activities for adolescents’ health?

Autor Petr Badura, Andrea Madarasova Geckova, Dagmar Sigmundova, Erik Sigmund1, Jitse P. van Dijk, Sijmen A. Reijneveld
Organisation UPOL, UPJS, UMPEG
Year 2018
Research type paper in Journal
Annotation Objectives We aimed to assess the associations of involvement in selected unstructured activities (UA) with health-risk behaviours and academic achievement and the degree to which the participation in organized leisure-time activities (OLTA) changes these associations. Methods Using a sample of 6935 Czech adolescents aged 13 and 15 years, we investigated adolescents’ weekly involvement in hanging out, visiting shopping malls for fun and meeting friends after 8 p.m., OLTA and engagement in three health-risk behaviours and academic achievement. Results Weekly involvement in the selected UA was associated with higher odds for regular smoking, being drunk, having early sexual intercourse and low academic achievement. Concurrent participation in OLTA did not buffer these negative outcomes, except for sexual experience. However, those highly engaged only in UA were more likely to participate in the health-risk behaviours and report worse academic achievement than those participating in any OLTA concurrently. Conclusions The selected UA are strongly associated with an increased occurrence of adolescents’ health-risk behaviours and low academic achievement. Concurrent participation in OLTA does not buffer these negative outcomes significantly, but adolescents engaged only in UA consistently report the least favourable outcomes.
Keywords Adolescence , Extracurricular activities, Unstructured leisure, Substance use, Sexual intercourse, School performance
Research type unrepeated research
Start date
End date
Obor AK Sport, leisure time activities
Availability available in the library
Research location Ano
Organisation UPOL, UPJS, UMPEG
Possible connection
Registry administrator Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports
Operator National Institute for Further Education
In cooperation Czech Council of Children and Youth
Links Error and bug reporting Personal data protection